Thunder Bay National Marine Sanctuary


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John J. Audubon
Wooden Two-Masted Schooner
Historic Research Collection

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GPS Location: N45°17.331' W83°20.351'
Depth: 170 Feet
Wreck Length: 148 Feet Beam: N/A
Gross Tonnage: 370 Cargo: Rail Iron
Built: 1854 by Jones, Black River, Ohio
Wrecked: October 21, 1854
Description: The schooner Defiance was down bound from Chicago with 11,500 bushels of corn when in a dense fog was run into by the Audubon laden with 401 bars of railroad iron. Both ships went down a few miles apart. Although the stern cabin is missing the deck combing for it and three cargo hatches remains in place. The foremast with square rigged yards has fallen, and the mainmast, intact to the cross trees, is laying across the deck. Rail iron is haphazardly strewn across the deck as well.

John J. AudubonJohn J. Audubon

John J. Audubon

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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wreck coordinates Great Lakes Maritime Heritage Center