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Vessel Data

GPS numbers in red are updated and the most recent numbers from the Institute for Exploration's survey done in late June 2001.

Kyle Spangler - FOUND! (click here)

 

Name E.B. ALLEN (false CORSICAN)
Official Number 7818
Date Built 1864 by H.C. Piersons at Ogdensburg, NY
Date Lost September or November 18 or 20, 1871
Type Wooden schooner
Dimensions 111 or 136
Gross Tonnage 275
Cargo Grain
Circumstances Collided with the bark NEWSBOY in a thick fog, 2 miles southeast of Thunder Bay Island
Depth 100-110 ft
Condition Excellent. She is sitting on her keel, with a gash from the collision visible on the port side. Hull, railing, flooring intact. Windlass, anchor chains, and rudder in place. Mast broken off. Originally identified as the CORSICAN when discovered in early 1970s.
Location

GPS: 45.01.00/83.09.860

Lat/Lon: 45 00.95/83 09.898

Loran C: 30811.6 / 48693.1

Sources Hoagman 1999, MSU 1975, NOAA 1999, Stonehouse 1992, Swayze 1999, Thunder Bay Divers 1999.

Name JOHN J. AUDUBON
Official Number None
Date Built 1854 by G&W Jones at Black River, OH
Date Lost October 20, 1854
Type Wooden 2-mast brig
Dimensions ?
Gross Tonnage 370
Cargo Railroad iron
Circumstances Bound Buffalo for Chicago, struck amidships by schooner DEFIANCE on a dark, foggy night and was almost cut in half.
Depth ?
Condition Unknown
Location North of Middle Island. Coordinates not available.
Sources Bedford 2000; Swayze 1999.

Name BARGE NO. 1
Official Number 67313
Date Built 1895 by James Davidson at West Bay City, MI Hull #70
Date Lost November 8, 1918
Type Wooden schooner-barge; used as a RR car ferry.
Dimensions 310 x 44 x 12
Gross Tonnage 1544
Cargo Lumber, chickens
Circumstances Grounded in a storm, broke in two and sank. Located 1 mile off tip of North Point, 6.7 miles from Alpena marina.
Depth 45 ft
Condition Remains spread over bottom with sidewalls and planking present, steering quadrant at stern.
Location GPS: 45.00.84 / 83.18.08 Loran C: 30865.0 / 48680.8
Sources Hoagman 1999, NOAA 1999, Stonehouse 1992, Swayze 1999, Thunder Bay Divers 1999.

Name BARGE NO. 83
Official Number ?
Date Built ?
Date Lost October 26, 1941
Type Wooden scow-barge
Dimensions 200 x 50 estimated
Gross Tonnage 365
Cargo ?
Circumstances Foundered approx. 5.25 mi north-northeast of north end of Thunder Bay Island.
Depth 70 ft estimated
Condition ?
Location Lat/Lon: 45° 04' 45" / 83° 05' 30"
Sources MSU 1975, Swayze 1999.

Name B.W. BLANCHARD
Official Number 2806
Date Built 1870 by J. Martin at Cleveland, OH
Date Lost November 28 or 29, 1904
Type Wooden propeller, bulk freight
Dimensions 212 x 32 x 12
Gross Tonnage 1143
Cargo Lumber, 2-barge tow
Circumstances Grounded on North Point Reef in a gale with barges JOHN KILDERHOUSE and JOHN T. JOHNSON in tow. Broke in half and sank.
Depth 15 ft
Condition Boiler recovered a few days after sinking. Large steel anchor present. Remains are intermixed with several other wrecks located at North Point, including GALENA and JOHN T. JOHNSON.
Location GPS: 45.00.46 / 83.14.99 Loran C: 30846.3 / 48688.4
Sources Hoagman 1999, McConnell 1999, NOAA 1999, Stonehouse 1992, Swayze 1999, Thunder Bay Divers 1999.
Name KATE L. BRUCE
Official Number 14277
Date Built 1872 by Hanson & Scove at Manitowoc, WI
Date Lost November 8, 1877
Type Wooden 3-masted schooner
Dimensions ?
Gross Tonnage 307
Cargo Wheat
Circumstances In tow of tug JOHNSON before being let go. Disappeared in heavy weather with loss of all 8 crew members. Last seen off 40-Mile Point. Lifeboat washed up near Thunder Bay Light. May have collided with another unknown vessel and both sank. Bureau containing the ship's papers washed up in August 1878.
Depth ?
Condition ?
Location Off Alpena. Wreck was discovered in fall 1879 in six fathoms, but location has apparently been lost as no additional records could be found.
Sources Swayze 1999.
Name CHEBOYGAN
Official Number ?
Date Built ?
Date Lost ?
Type Wooden steamer
Dimensions 235 x 45
Gross Tonnage ?
Cargo Limestone
Circumstances Fire. Located approx. 1 mi from shore on southern edge of North Point.
Depth 40 ft
Condition Intact. Ribs and sidewall holding cargo. Prop cables and pulleys on board.
Location Lat/Lon: 45° 01' 40" / 83° 20' 50"
Sources Bedford 2000; MSU 1975.

Name JAMES DAVIDSON
Official Number 75786
Date Built 1874 by James Davidson at West Bay City, MI
Date Lost October 4, 1883
Type Wooden propeller, bulk freight
Dimensions 231 x 37 x 19
Gross Tonnage 1456
Cargo Coal
Circumstances Towing barge MIDDLESEX, bound Buffalo for Duluth or Chicago. Drove up on a reef about 0.5 mi from Thunder Bay Island Light. Broke up and sank over the next few days.
Depth 70 ft
Condition Ribs intact with some wall planking.
Location Lat/Lon: 45° 02' 20" / 83° 10' 50"
Sources MSU 1975, Swayze 1999.

Name DEFIANCE
Official Number
Date Built
Date Lost October 20, 1854
Type Wooden schooner
Dimensions
Gross Tonnage
Cargo
Circumstances Collided with schooner JOHN J. AUDUBON on a dark, foggy night.
Depth
Condition Excellent.
Location Off Middle Island. No coordinates available.
Sources See website.

 

Name OSCAR T. FLINT
Official Number 155165
Date Built 1889 by Simon Langell at St. Clair, MI
Date Lost November 24 or 25, 1909
Type Wooden propeller, bulk freight
Dimensions 218 x 37 x 14
Gross Tonnage 824
Cargo Limestone
Circumstances Caught fire just after leaving Alpena. Run into shoal waters to save crew. Burned to waterline. Located 4 mi east of mouth of Thunder Bay River, 1 mi offshore.
Depth 33 ft
Condition Large part of hull intact. Limestone cargo, two woodstock anchors, windlass, and many ship ports present. Boiler collapsed, prop lying nearby.
Location

GPS: 45.01.45 / 83.20.76

Lat/Lon: 45°01'33"/83°20'48" Loran C: 30879.8 / 48671.9

Sources Hoagman 1999, NOAA 1999, Stonehouse 1992, Swayze 1999, Thunder Bay Divers 1999.

Name GALENA
Official Number 10148
Date Built 1857 by Luther Moses at Cleveland, OH
Date Lost September 25, 1872
Type Wooden propeller, passenger & package freight
Dimensions 193 x 30 x 12
Gross Tonnage 709
Cargo ?
Circumstances Stranded near North Point and broke up with all hands lost. Bound Alpena for Chicago.
Depth 15 ft
Condition Remains intermixed with several other wrecks; see also BLANCHARD and JOHN T. JOHNSON.
Location GPS: 45.00.46 / 83.14.99 Loran C: 30846.3 / 48688.4
Sources Hoagman 1999, McConnell 1999, NOAA 1999, Stonehouse 1992, Swayze 1999, Thunder Bay Divers 1999.

Name NELLIE GARDNER (formerly identified as MOLLY T. HORNER, but HORNER is not on official lists and sources now indicate the wreck is the GARDNER)
Official Number 18777
Date Built 1873 by D. Lester at Marine City, MI
Date Lost October 14, 1883
Type Wooden schooner-barge, bulk freight
Dimensions 178
Gross Tonnage 567
Cargo Corn
Circumstances In tow of steamer JOHN PRIDGEON, JR. Released in heavy weather to run for Thunder Bay under sail. Unable to make it, she turned back for Tawas but struck a reef, broke in two, and wrecked. Located 1 mi southeast of Scarecrow Island. Crew escaped in yawl.
Depth 20 ft
Condition Good. Ribs, sidewalls, some flooring and railings intact.
Location Lat/Lon: 44° 53' 55" / 83° 19' 50" Loran C 30893.7 / 48737.9
Sources Hoagman 1999, MSU 1975, NOAA 1999, Stonehouse 1992, Swayze 1999.
Name W. H. GILBERT
Official Number 81382
Date Built 1892 by F. Wheeler at West Bay City, MI, Hull #89
Date Lost May 22, 1914
Type Steel propeller, bulk freight
Dimensions 328 x 42 x 20
Gross Tonnage 2820
Cargo ?
Circumstances Collided with steamer CALDERA in a fog and sank quickly. Was struck amidships ad nearly cut in two.
Depth 200 ft
Condition Wreckage discovered by divers in 1983. Condition unknown.
Location Cordinates not available.
Sources Hoagman 1999, NOAA 1999, Stonehouse 1992, Swayze 1999.

Name GRECIAN (follow link for full story and photo)
Official Number 86136
Date Built 1891 by Globe Iron Works at Cleveland, OH
Date Lost June 15, 1906
Type Steel propeller, bulk freight
Dimensions 296 x 40.4 x 21.1
Gross Tonnage 2348
Cargo Light
Circumstances Foundered 2 miles south of Thunder Bay Island while being towed to Detroit for repairs. Was relying on air pressure in sealed holds to stay afloat, but they filled and she sank.
Depth 110 ft (deck at 70-75 ft)
Condition Excellent. Broken amidships with forward deck collapsed due to salvage attempts. 3 stern levels intact and penetrable. Engine, boilers, prop intact. Windlass, chain, capstan, and 3 anchors in place. Also many pulleys, side rails, tools, etc. present. UPDATE: Capt. Lee Barnhill of Thunder Bay Divers reports that the GRECIAN's stern is collapsing.
Location

GPS: 44.58.108/83.12.011

Lat/Lon: Loran C: 30832.7 / 48713.3

Sources Hoagman 1999, MSU 1975, NOAA 1999, Stonehouse 1992, Swayze 1999, Thunder Bay Divers 1999.

Name D.R. HANNA
Official Number 203676
Date Built 1906 by American Ship Building Co. at Lorain, OH Hull #346
Date Lost May 16, 1919
Type Steel propeller, bulk freight
Dimensions 532 x 56 x 31
Gross Tonnage 7023
Cargo Grain
Circumstances Collided with steel steamer QUINCY A. SHAW, capsized and foundered. At the time, she was one of the largest vessels lost on the Lakes and the largest monetary loss ever. Crew rescued by SHAW. Located approx. 6.5 mi north-northeast of Thunder Bay Island Light.
Depth 130-135 ft
Condition Excellent. Resting upside down with single entrance in bow. Wreck located in Oct. 1919 but no salvage ever attempted because of position and depth.
Location GPS: 45. 05. 066 / 83. 05. 15 Loran C: 30771.3 / 48666.4
Sources Hoagman 1999, MSU 1975, NOAA 1999, Stonehouse 1992, Swayze 1999.

Name JOHNSON, JOHN T.
Official Number 75556
Date Built 1873 by Squires at Huron, OH
Date Lost November 28, 1904
Type Wooden 2-masted schooner-barge
Dimensions 171 x 31 x 11
Gross Tonnage 448
Cargo Lumber
Circumstances In tow of steamer B.W. BLANCHARD. Tore loose and ran aground on North Point Reef in a gale. Bound for Detroit.
Depth 15 ft
Condition 25' x 35' segment remains. May have been salvaged or damaged by ice. Remains intermixed with other wrecks at North Point. See also BLANCHARD and GALENA.
Location

GPS: 45.00.46/ 83.14.99

Lat/Lon:45°01'05"/83°15'50" Loran C: 30846.3 / 48688.4

Sources MSU 1975, Swayze 1999, Thunder Bay Divers 1999.

Name MONOHANSETT
Official Number ?
Date Built 1872 by Linn and Craig at Gilbralter, MI as the IRA H. OWEN, renamed in 1882
Date Lost November 23, 1907
Type Wooden propeller, bulk freight
Dimensions 165 x 32 x 9
Gross Tonnage 573
Cargo Coal
Circumstances Caught fire while inbound for Alpena. Fire visible from the city, about 8 miles away. Sank at southern end of Thunder Bay Island, about 500' from old dock.
Depth 15-25 ft
Condition Broken into 3 sections. Some sidewalls intact. Large propeller, drive train, gears, boilers present. Excellent visibility and many fish.
Location

GPS: 45.01.89 / 83.11.90

Lat/Lon:45°01'58"/83°11'30" Loran C: 30822.6 / 48681.4

Sources Hoagman 1999, MSU 1975, NOAA 1999, Stonehouse 1992, Swayze 1999, Thunder Bay Divers 1999.

Name MONROVIA
Official Number LI ELOF
Date Built 1943 in Scotland, renamed several times (last in 1954)
Date Lost June 25, 1959
Type Steel propeller, package freight, under Liberian flag
Dimensions 430
Gross Tonnage 6700
Cargo Rolled steel and steel plate from Antwerp, Belgium
Circumstances Collided with freighter ROYALTON in heavy fog. Greek crew rescued by freighter NORMAN W. FOY. Part of cargo later salvaged. Located 13 miles from Thunder Bay Island.
Depth 150 ft
Condition Upright, largely intact.
Location GPS: 44.59.012 / 82.55.400 BOW Loran C: 30723.5 / 48728.9
Sources Bedford 2000; Hoagman 1999, NOAA 1999, Stonehouse 1992, Swayze 1999.
Name MONTANA
Official Number 90501
Date Built 1872 by Muir and Livingstone (or A. Smith) at Port Huron, MI
Date Lost September 6, 1914
Type Wooden propeller, package freight
Dimensions 236 x 36 x 14
Gross Tonnage 1536
Cargo Stone (lumber?)
Circumstances Caught fire and burned to waterline. Located in shipping channel approx. 1 mi west of nine mile buoy.
Depth 70-75 ft (engine at 30 ft)
Condition Excellent. Bow section broken off. Engine intact and upright. Boiler, 12' propeller, windlass, anchor chain, capstan, and rudder in place.
Location

GPS: 44.59.04 / 83.16.00

Lat/Lon: 44°59'15"/83°17'13" Loran C: 30855.9 / 48699.9

Sources Hoagman 1999, MSU 1975, NOAA 1999, Stonehouse 1992, Swayze 1999, Thunder Bay Divers.

Name NEW ORLEANS (follow link for full story)
Official Number none
Date Built 1844 by B.F. Goodson at Detroit, MI
Date Lost June 11, 1849
Type Wooden sidewheel steamer, passenger & package freight
Dimensions 185 x 27 x 13
Gross Tonnage 610
Cargo Passengers
Circumstances Ran aground in heavy fog between North Point and Sugar Island. Passengers and crew escaped by boat to Thunder Bay Island.
Depth 15 ft
Condition ?
Location GPS: 45.02.47 / 83.14.24 Loran C: 30836.2 / 48673.1
Sources Hoagman 1999, NOAA 1999, Stonehouse 1992, Swayze 1999, Thunder Bay Divers 1999.

Name NEW ORLEANS
Official Number 130333
Date Built 1885 by Morely and Hill at Marine City, MI
Date Lost June 30, 1906
Type Wooden propeller, bulk freight
Dimensions 232 x 38 x 14
Gross Tonnage 1457
Cargo Coal
Circumstances Collided with steamer WILLIAM R. LINN in heavy fog and sank. Most of crew boarded LINN when the vessels were "stuck together." Located 10 mi from Thunder Bay Island Light.
Depth 150-200 ft (145 to deck)
Condition Generally intact but broken in the center and split at the coal bunker.
Location GPS: 45° 10.069 / 83° 12.923" Loran C: 30808.0 / 48613.7
Sources Hoagman 1999, MSU 1975, NOAA 1999, Stonehouse 1992, Swayze 1999.

Name NORDMEER
Official Number German LR525650
Date Built 1954 at Flensburg, Germany
Date Lost November 19, 1966
Type German steel propeller, package and bulk freight
Dimensions 470.8 x 60.9 x 28.2
Gross Tonnage 8683
Cargo 990 coils of steel wire
Circumstances Miscalculated a turn and ran aground 7 miles northeast of Thunder Bay Island. Expected to be recovered, but a big storm a few days later wrecked her bottom. Her crew stayed aboard after the grounding, planning to assist with the recovery, but had to be rescued by Coast Guard helicopter during the storm (which also sank the DANIEL J. MORRELL).
Depth 30 ft bow / 50 ft stern
Condition Excellent. Bow, center decks above water (but not much left due to ice damage). Salvage barge sank alongside. Most of cargo was salvaged. Wreck is fully penetrable.
Location

GPS: 45.08.07 / 83.09.35

Lat/Lon: 45°08'20"/83°09'25" Loran C: 30790.7 / 48634.7

Sources Hoagman 1999, MSU 1975, NOAA 1999, Stonehouse 1992, Swayze 1999, Thunder Bay Divers 1999.

Name NORMAN
Official Number 130505
Date Built 1860 by Globe Iron Works at Cleveland, OH
Date Lost May 30, 1895
Type Steel propeller, bulk freight
Dimensions 297 x 40 x 21
Gross Tonnage 2304
Cargo Light
Circumstances Rammed amidships by the wooden lumber hooker JACK and sank in 3 minutes. Survivors were picked up from life rafts by steamer M. SICKEN. Salvage effort failed to raise her in 1896.
Depth 180 ft
Condition Wreck located in 1986. Current condition unknown.
Location 4 mi northeast of Middle Island, off Rockport. No coordinates available.
Sources Bedford 2000; Hoagman 1999, NOAA 1999, Swayze 1999.

Name PEWABIC (follow link for story of the PEWABIC's salvage)
Official Number none
Date Built 1863 by Peck & Masters at Cleveland, OH
Date Lost August 9, 1865
Type Wooden propeller, passenger & package freight
Dimensions 200 x 31
Gross Tonnage 997
Cargo Copper ingots, native copper, passengers
Circumstances Collided almost bows-on with sister ship METEOR in a passing blunder and sank quickly. Loss of life estimated at 125.
Depth 170 ft
Condition Mostly stripped of cargo and fittings in a long succession of salvage dives since at least 1880. One salvage project in 1897 used dynamite and a diving bell to take thousands of pounds of copper off. Wreck described as pristine in 1917. Current condition unknown.
Location GPS: 44.57.890/83.06.236
Sources Bedford 2000; Hoagman 1999, McConnell 1999, NOAA 1999, Stonehouse 1992, Swayze 1999.

Name PORTSMOUTH
Official Number 19619
Date Built 1853 by Bidwell & Banta at Buffalo, NY
Date Lost November 10, 1867
Type Wooden propeller, bulk freight
Dimensions 176 x 29 x 10
Gross Tonnage 674
Cargo Pig iron
Circumstances Ran aground on Middle Island in a storm. Later caught fire and was destroyed.
Depth 15 ft
Condition Unknown
Location GPS: 45.11.87 / 83.20.03 Loran C: 30847.6 / 48588.2
Sources Bedford 2000; Hoagman 1999, NOAA 1999, Stonehouse 1992, Swayze 1999.

Name WILLIAM P. REND
Official Number 86026
Date Built 1888 by James Davidson at West Bay City, MI as steamer GEORGE G. HADLEY (renamed 1903)
Date Lost September 22, 1917
Type Wooden barge (converted in 1916)
Dimensions 288 x 40 x 24
Gross Tonnage 2323
Cargo Limestone
Circumstances Foundered in a storm due east of Huron Portland Cement Co., approx. 2/3 mi offshore.
Depth 35 ft to bottom, wreck at 15-20 ft
Condition Partial cargo, sidewall and ribs intact. Rudder port, boiler parts, and valves on board. Rudder-cabin walls fallen to side. Poor visibility.
Location

GPS: 45.03.65 / 83.23.54

Lat/Lon:45°03'55"/83°23'30" Loran C: 30891.0 / 48649.5

Sources Hoagman 1999, MSU 1975, NOAA 1999, Stonehouse 1992, Swayze 1999, Thunder Bay Divers 1999.
Name SCANLON'S BARGE
Official Number ?
Date Built ?
Date Lost ?
Type Wooden barge or dredge-barge
Dimensions 200 x 50
Gross Tonnage ?
Cargo Sand
Circumstances Foundered approx. 2 mi west of southeast tip of North Point (0.5 mi from shore). Known only from remains on the bottom.
Depth 15-20 ft
Condition Broken in 3 pieces. Crane boom, boiler, steam winches, anchor present.
Location

GPS: 45.02.02 / 83.19.40

Lat/Lon:45°02'/83°20'40" Loran C: 30870.2 / 48669.1

Sources MSU 1975, NOAA 1999, Swayze 1999, Thunder Bay Divers 1999.

Continued - Part 2

Continued - Part 3

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